Sunday, May 17, 2020

An Explication of Sylvia Plath8217s 8220Daddy8221 Essay

An Explication of Sylvia Plath8217s 8220Daddy8221 It tends to be the trend for women who have had traumatic childhoods to be attracted to men who epitomize their emptiness felt as children. Women who have had unaffectionate or absent fathers, adulterous husbands or boyfriends, or relatives who molested them seem to become involved in relationships with men who, instead of being the opposite of the â€Å"monsters† in their lives, are the exact replicas of these ugly men. Sylvia Plath’s poem â€Å"Daddy† is a perfect example of this unfortunate trend. In this poem, she speaks directly to her dead father and her husband who has been cheating on her, as the poem so indicates. The first two stanzas, lines 1-10, tell the readers that†¦show more content†¦In stanza 12, she tells us that he has â€Å"bit her pretty red heart in two.† Next, she states that he died when she was ten, and when she was twenty years old, she attempted suicide - â€Å"†¦I tried to die, to get back back back to you.† In stanza 13 is where she starts talking about her husband. She says that instead of dying, her friends â€Å"stuck her together with glue,† and since she could not die to get back to her father, she would marry someone who was similar. â€Å"I made a model of you, a man in black with a Meinkampf look for a love of the rack and the screw. And I said I do, I do.† These lines are frightening, but unfortunately real. Plath tells us that she has married someone exactly like her father, a man who has a â€Å"my struggle† look, a German look. The third line above seems to mean that her husband, who was poet Ted Hughes, cheated on her, in turn abandoning her. But she still said â€Å"I do† and agreed to be with him. The last two stanzas are the darkest, and ultimately appear to put some type of closure on Plath’s life. She obviously believes that she killed her father when she was ten years old, stating that â€Å"if I’ve killed one man, I’ve killed

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Group Norms And Its Effects On Youth Athletes - 1107 Words

Group norms are shared beliefs and attitudes among a certain set of people. These beliefs include both personal and situational factors. Those who agree with and participate in these norms are welcomed into the group. According to Carron and Eys (2012) group norms are reinforced behaviors, beliefs, and moral standards that are expected among members in their group. These shared beliefs within the group lead to group norms. Group norms can be studied in a variety of settings from schools to athletic teams. Bruner et al. (in press), studied the perceptions of group norms in youth athletes during practice, competition, and social settings. This report also studied the personal and situational factors’ effects on a youth athlete’s perception of group norms and conformity to a group. The four main aspects that were tested in this study by Burner et al. were gender, tenure, group size, and sport type. The expected results were that females place a greater importance on fitti ng into a group and that tenure, or the amount of time an athlete has worked with a team, would result in veterans knowing their roles and having a higher perception of group norms than the rookies who do not know what is expected of them. The experimenters also believed that the situational factor, a larger group size, would lead to lower perceptions of norms as it is difficult for each teammate to interact with one another and work as a cohesive unit. Previous research by Carron and Eys (2012) suggestedShow MoreRelatedAthletics And College Athletic Association1575 Words   |  7 Pages Athletics and academics go hand-in-hand when it comes to college athletes, after all, the NCAA (National College Athletic Association) states that the players are students first, and athletes second. 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Yet, there are examples described by Peter Cary in an article about Fred Engh, a founder of the National Alliance for Youth Sports. In these examples, Engh relates some of the ugliest episodes of adult interactions such as coaches yelling at and belittling players into tears, parents physically assaultingRead MoreThe Breakfast Club1908 Words   |  8 Pagessetting a group of 5 eclectic students are forced into serving 9 hours of Saturday detention for whatever they had done wrong. In attendance is a â€Å"princess† (Claire Standish), an â€Å"athlete† (Andrew Clark), a â€Å"brain† (Brian Johnson), a â€Å"criminal† (John Bender) and a â€Å"basket case† (Allison Reynolds). Thesis Statement I’m sure at one point or another in life we have all been faced with a similar situation. Purpose Statement â€Å"The Breakfast Club† provides us with many unique displays of how small groups interactRead MorePrevalence Of Chlamydia And Prevention Tips For Adolescents Within The Community1697 Words   |  7 Pagesmaterials and school presentations. These educational resources provide information regarding the prevalence of chlamydia among the adolescent community, possible symptoms and the detrimental effects of chlamydia. The Preparation stage focused on self-reevaluation through the Spring into Love Teen Fest which encourages youth to participate in educational discussions regarding Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI). In the Maintenance stage, the construct of helping relationships was used through the promotionRead MoreEssay about Street Dreams and Hip Hop Barber Shops Critique1169 Words   |  5 Pagescommercials and movies to stay updated. Weiss’s observation was very informative and accurate. 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Managing Ideas Modern Management Practises

Question: Discuss about the Managing Ideas for Modern Management Practises. Answer: Introduction The business environment has become complex and competitive; this has made organizations to find ways that can keep that sustained in the business and market. This has led to the need for organizations to develop ways that they can manage ideas within. Innovation and ideas can come from within the organization or outside. Organizations are therefore investing a lot of resources in managing new ideas to be able to manage the changing environment and market. Organizations that are able to develop and manage new ideas by revaluating their products and services are seen as the best achievers in the industry since the innovation does not only benefit the organization but other organizations in the line of business (Souchkov, Hoeboer van Zutphen 2007, p. 21). Entrepreneurs argue that they are always looking for problems to solve within the market. Management of ideas is the use of a set of tools that allow managers to develop and respond to opportunities that exist within the business environment. Creativity is used to mould ideas that are focussed on fulfilling the gaps that exist within the business environment. This process involves every employee within the organization to create a final product that will fill the gap and give customers what the organization has failed to give. This process is well defined by tying together the corporate strategy and product development processes. The purpose of this report is to give an overview of managing innovations and ideas by highlighting the best practices by SingTel. This report will highlight aspects of ideation and innovation, strategies and best practise the company can adopt to manage ideas. Types of ideas and Innovation Ideas and innovation can be differentiated based on products and processes, thus product ideas/innovation or processes innovation/ ideas. This leads to two other major categories of developing ideas, sustaining and disruptive (Deloitte 2004). Sustaining ideas are based on improving the existing business processes to make them better; this may include improving the software within the organization or developing processes for efficiency like developing the 4G framework to increase business connectivity. On the other hand disruptive ideas are based on radical ideas which aim at changing the business processes within the organization. This may include materials that can be used to improved technology in the organization. This may include doing away with the old materials and developing new ones. These ideas are different from the existing ones and thus their introduction into the system will disrupt the existing ones. However, most ideas within an organization revolve around developing a product that can satisfy and compete in the market. Product ideas are grouped into four namely: incremental ideas, technological substitution, market innovation ideas and radical ideas/innovation (Vahs; Burmester 2005). Market/Application development Figure 1: Different types of product ideas, adopted from Kroy 1995 Incremental ideas are based on using technology or developing ways that improve the existing products and services. In many cases these are already established in the market and thus the new idea is based on packaging the product to make it better. For example SingTel may increase its products by changing the tariffs that it is offering its customers. This can be based on the existing market prices that other competitors are offering to so as to gain strategic advantage. Technological substitutions are based on adopting new technologies that can create new products that meet the needs of the existing customer. This is through analysing the needs that the market has and using technology to meet those needs. For example SingTel can develop new mobile phones or TV set top box provision technology that can provide better and fast TV signals or adopting the 4G network that can boost data usage and speed. Technological ideas can be based on improving the existing processes or developing new processes. Market innovation combines the existing technology and packaging products in a way to customers. This is aimed at combining two products that a company is offering to make a single product that can offer both services. For example the arrival of the smart phones is a combination of both the mobile phone and the internet where an individual can access internet and at the same time telecommunication services. Thus the arrival of the smart phone with other features beyond a mobile phone is a new idea since it never existed. Radical ideas or innovation is advancement in the technology where the product is advanced to offer more services. This ideas offer the highest risks and returns to a business since they offer an opportunity that never existed in the market before (Hull, Coombs and Peltu 2000, p. 639). For example the arrival of the smart phone came with android applications that can perform many functions. Today the android has led to the development of different applications that are utilised in the market. SingTel has also developed several applications that are being used in the market for different tasks. Tools used in developing ideas The need to develop an idea within an organization is based on several tools that an organization may choose from. This is based on the kind of business environment and the ideas that are being developed. This includes brainstorming, virtual prototyping, product lifecycle management, idea management, TRIZ, project management, and portfolio management (Moehrle 2004, P. 91). For the purpose of SingTel, TRIZ is the preferred tool that can be used for developing new ideas within the organization. Phaal, Farrukh, Prober (2007, P. 7) argue that TRIZ presents a systematic approach foe defining challenges within the organization through a range of tools and strategies for finding the best inventive solutions. The tool is based n the fact that a business problem is presented as an inventive solution that is developed from the need to overcome the problem. The problem within the market may be competition, decreasing sales or old business models within the organization. The tool is used to systematically apply the strategies and tools to develop a solution that enables the organization overcome its current problem. Proponents of TRIZ argue that inventive solutions are based on contradictions between elements in an organization. For example the need to develop a 4G network will entail using a higher sophisticated technology that will enables the consumer to use 4G. The contradictions may not be limited to one contradiction but rather several contradictions. Therefore management develops creative solutions that resolve contradictions within the organization without increasing costs. Thus TRIZ is management problem solving tool that can be adopted by organizations to solve complex problems and developing cost saving strategies for organizations. Sources of ideas for organizations Julian Michael (2008, p. 832) suggest that creativity is the highest asset that an organization can use to generate new ideas; however researchers have shown that majority of the great ideas that have been developed in organizations show that they come out of informal discussions or individuals only. This means that the organization should not limit ideas to employees only but rather. However organizations that are great leaders in ideas give every employee an opportunity to show case what they have for the organizations and how the organization can be improved. However old ideas that have been developed and research have been the best sources of ideas that have propelled organizations to greater levels. This is because old ideas represent opportunities that may not have been well exploited. The introduction of patent rights has led to the protection of ideas that people have and this ideas can be sold to any organization that is willing to adopt the idea (Hipp Grupp 2005, p. 528). The internet is also a source of ideas for organization; this is through making viewing of patents available online. With this an organization can go through the available ideas that can best suit their business need. People develop new ideas and post them over the internet for organizations to view and develop them further. When organizations develop these ideas they do not take them as individual ideas but rather organizational ideas through only protecting the rights of the owner (Mamman 2002, p. 381). According to Davenport Prusak (2003, p. 21) academic institutions have also been the best sources of ideas that have been developed by organizations. Many organizations have close links with academic institutions where they allow students to show case their talents by developing great ideas that can be utilised by companies. Through internships and business expos, the students have an opportunity t develop ideas that can solve problems within the organization. Students are doing a lot of research while pursuing their education, through their research and participating in different projects within the organization. On the other hand Hope Hailey (2001, 1129),suggests that harvesting of employee ideas can also be a source of innovation within the organization using relevant tool that can help generate or realise creativity. Through using the four phases of creativity: preparation, incubation, illumination and verification, ideas can be analysed to determine how they can solve problems. Informational analysis of the concept through critical evaluation helps in balancing analysis and imagination. Despite that it should be noted that the nature of the innovation depends on the complexity of the idea that is being developed. Adoption of the idea entails transferring knowledge across the organizations functions and boundaries. The nature of the innovation and the absorptive nature of the organization are key issues in determining how the organization can be utilised within the business environment. This can be through utilising suggestion boxes or having places where individuals can drop ideas that can help improve the organization. For example web based management system are utilised by SingTel through allowing employees to provide ideas that they have. Through such systems the organization provides relevant information on ideas that the organization needs to be improved (Hargado. 2003, p. 21; Adams Phelps, Bessant 2006, p. 32). Employees or any other person submits expert opinions on how they think the problem can be solved. The ideas are analysed by use of a clear scoring me thod using an assigned criteria by analysing how to integrate the idea into the system and logically develop the idea to the next phase. Steps in innovation Step one: strategic thinking The source of any idea within the organization is the linkage between the strategy and the idea that is to be developed. Strategic thinking is aimed at creating opportunities that increase strategic advantage of the organization. Through this the strategic thinking helps the organization to determine the value that needs to be added. Dodgson and Hinze (2000, p. 109) suggests that organizations analyse the business areas that they need to improve and focus their resources to these areas. For example speed could be one of the ideas that a telecommunication company may want to improve. This means that connectivity speed will create strategic advantage that will allow internet users browse at greater speed than others. Step two: portfolio management and metrics This entails defining the idea that needs to be developed and how the idea can be integrated into the organization. Depending on the nature of the idea, system adjustments may be required to enable the idea function well. If the idea is disruptive then the organization has to make changes that will destabilise the whole system. Portfolio management thus focuses on balancing the risks that the new idea poses to the organization and the rewards that are attached to it. For example financial resources may be required to integrate the idea into the system. Portfolio management is adopted by the organization to balance the market structure and the pursuit for the new idea (Frenkel, Maital and Grupp, 2000, p. 431). Step three: Research Cormican and OSullivan (2004, p. 821), argues that adopting the right mixture between the four types of ideas enable the organization to meet the right strategic objective. Therefore a lot of research has to be done on the processes and key output results that are expected from the new idea. This will enable describing of the ideal future products and services that the organization intends to deliver. This is through a comparison of customer knowledge and needs with the current ideas that the organization has. This will help in determining the gaps that need to be filled by the idea. Research will help in refining the idea and developing a blue print that will propel the organization to the next level. Several knowledge domains are utilised in this step including explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge. Conclusion Project management deals with transforming inputs into outputs that can be utilised by the consumer. Innovation is a complex process that involves several activities that can be adopted by the organization. Therefore organizations need to develop processes that will ensure they are able to develop sustainable processes that can ensure they propel the organization to the next level. Researchers have shown that the market keeps changing (Kim, and Wilemon 2002, p. 31; Stock, Greis and Fischer 2001, p. 82). SingTel has therefore to develop a strategy that will ensure it is able to manage competition within the market. Managing new ideas and giving room for the organization to tap and nurture new ideas. The organization has to establish a platform that will give room for new ideas that can help to propel the organization to the new level. TRIZ is the best tool that can be adopted by SingTel to be able to develop and nurture new ideas that can propel the organization. References Adams Richards , Phelps Roberts, Bessant John. 2006 May. Innovation management measurement: A review, International Journal of Management Reviews. Cormican, K. and OSullivan, D. ,2004. Auditing best practice for effective product innovation management. Technovation, 24, 819829. Davenport, T. H., Prusak, L. 2003.Whats the big idea? Creating and capitalizing on the best management thinking. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. Dodgson, M. and Hinze, S., 2000. Indicators used to measure the innovation process: defects and possible remedies. Research Evaluation, 8, 101114. Frenkel, A., Maital, S. and Grupp, H., 2000. Measuring dynamic technical change: a techno metric approach. International Journal of Technology Management, 20, 429441. Hargadon, A. 2003.How breakthroughs happen: The surprising truth about how companies innovate. Boston: Harvard Business School Pres. Hipp, C. and Grupp, H., 2005. Innovation in the service sector: the demand for service specific innovation measurement concepts and typologies. Research Policy, 34, 517535. Hope Hailey, V.,2001. Breaking the mould? Innovation as a strategy for corporate renewal. International Journal of Human Resource Management,12, 11261140. Hull, R., Coombs, R. and Peltu, M., 2000. Know-ledge management practices for innovation: an audit tool for improvement. International Journal of Technology Management, 20, 633656. Julian Birkinshaw Michael Mol, 2008. Management innovation, Academy of Management Review, 2008, Vol. 33, No. 4, 825845. Kim, J. and Wilemon, D., 2002. Strategic issues in managing innovations fuzzy front-end. European Journal of Innovation Management, 5, 2739. Moehrle, M. G., 2004. TRIZ-based technology- road mapping. Int. J. Technology Intelligence and Planning, 1(1), 87-99. Mamman, A. 2002. The adoption and modification of management ideas in organizations: Towards an analytical framework. Strategic Change, 11: 379389. Phaal, R., Farrukh, C. J. P., Probert, D. R., 2007. Strategic Road mapping: A Workshop-based Approach for Identifying and Exploring Strategic Issues and Opportunities. Engineering Management Journal, 19(1), 3-12. Souchkov V., Hoeboer R. van Zutphen M., February 2007. Application of RCA+ to Solve Business Problems, The Online TRIZ Journal. Stock, G.N., Greis, N.P. and Fischer, W.A., 2001. Absorptive capacity and new product development. Journal of High Technology Management Research, 12, 7791.

Monday, April 20, 2020

Serial Killers And Society Essays - Crime, Murder, Psychopathy

Serial Killers and Society The nineteen-seventies was an incredible decade. It was a decade of change, one of freedom, a time for great music. It was also an incredible decade for shock, fear and serial killers. John Wayne Gacy, an amateur clown, was a pedophiliac homosexual. He tortured and killed thirty three little boys and stored their remains under his house. David Berkowitz, a.k.a. the Son of Sam, stalked New York City from nineteen-sixty-seven to nineteen-seventy-seven. He claimed to have been following a voice from his dog that told him when and where to kill. Ted Bundy, who is believed to have killed at least thirty-four people, was charged for only three under his own defense- and in fact, he was commended by the judge for his own defense. He was put to death. With the combination of a very powerful media and a society fascinated with gruesome, sadistic crimes, modern serial killers have been put in the spotlight. We are enraptured with serial killers so much, that we pay seven dollars to go see a movie where everyone except the bad guys gets strangled, mutilated, or shot- and enjoy it in some sick way. The media goes out of its way to glamorize murder and terrify the public. We support killers like Charles Manson on Death Row with our tax dollars. In fact, we support them with more than that. About two months ago there was an art show in California entitled: The Death Row Art Show III. Pieces sold for thousands of dollars regardless of their aesthetic appeal, because of the identity of the artists. Serial killers are becoming as popular as rock stars. Serial killers are a development of the industrial world; they really didn't "come about" until the late eighteen-hundreds when society was becoming modernized and the threat of the new age sort of displaced some individuals so much they felt they had to kill to get their point across to society. Jack the Ripper is probably the most notorious killer in history because he established the serial killer profile. Ripper set up a pattern for the new line of mass murderers who would follow in the tradition of a truly organized killer. He had a sexual obsession with prostitutes that led him to target complete strangers for a days work. When he was done, he laid his victim out in a ritualistic manner with various disemboweled items placed strategically on or around the victim's corpse. Of course, murder has been around for centuries, committed by under-educated thieves. No one was interested in meeting, and hearing about a poor peasant that slit someones throat in a dark alley. But ever since the introduction of serial killers into our society, with their precision and strategy of the murder, the media became fascinated with these people, and so did society. So instead of killing or punishing these horrible people, we now have television networks arguing over movie rights to the killers story. News shows fighting to get the "exclusive interview". T-shirts with the killers faces on them(e.g.. the famous "Manson T-shirt"). The only explanation I can offer is that we are still obsessed with our own mortality, and we always will be. As long as we die, we'll be fascinated by those who seem to be invincible from death like, serial killers, Hitler...its almost as is we like to see the act of death itself, over and over, to observe the exact moment- or what it is that puts us over that incredible brink between life and death. I can honestly say I am fascinated with the serial killer. But since when did we condone the practice of serial killers? Why aren't they put to death promptly after being convicted, instead of being kept alive for the media to interview? You have to wonder who is making money in this. When we allow people like this to dominate our media, it's like we're saying its all right to murder. Did society and the media forget that the victims of those serial killers are us and our families? Its not the serial killers that affected the twentieth century so much, but the spotlight that allowed them to grow. Maybe if not for

Sunday, March 15, 2020

Easy and Common German Adjectives to Remember

Easy and Common German Adjectives to Remember Beginning German learners usually learn basic common adjectives first, such as gut (good), schlecht (bad), schà ¶n (pretty), hsslich (ugly), neu (new), alt (old). But your knowledge of German adjectives could grow exponentially without much mental effort, if you used what you already know with some slight modications. Being aware of the following will help you learn a whole array of easy German adjectives. Cognate Adjectives:The German language has a surprising large amount of cognate adjectives in English. They differ mostly by their suffixes. There are only slight differences between these adjectives in the two languages. Even if you dont remember these differences when speaking, the adjectives resemble one another so much, that a German speaker would understand what you are trying to say :(dont forget to switch the c to a k when writing them!) English adjectives ending in : diagonal, emotional, ideal, normal, national, original English adjectives ending in : tolerant, interessant, elegant English adjectives ending in : excellent, intelligent, kompetent English adjectives ending in : generell, individuell, offiziel, sensationell English Adjective ending in : allergisch, analytisch, egoistisch, musikalisch English adjective ending in :aktiv, intensiv, kreativ, passiv English adjective endings in : freundlich, hungrig, persà ¶nlich, sportlich Using Present and Past Participles as Adjectives:Though you need to know how to form participles to begin with, these are easily mastered. (See Participles) Basically one changes a present or past participle into an adjective simply by adding the appropriate case ending.For Example:The present participle of schlafen is schlafend.Das schlafende Kind - The sleeping child. (See Present Participle)The past participle of kochen is gekocht.Ein gekochtes Ei - The cooked egg. (See Past Participle) Adjective Combinations:These types of adjectives give a nice punch to conversation and serve to further itensify and emphasize what you are trying to say. (Just make sure to not overuse them.) The easiest ones to remember are the ones that are a literal translation from English. There are several of them and are mostly adjective combinations with colors and some with animals:Color adjectives with ... dunkel (dark), hell (light) and blass (pale)etc.For Example: dunkelblau (dark blue), hellbraun (light brown), blassgelb (pale yellow)same: schneeweiß (snowwhite) rabenschwarz (ravenblack), blutrot (bloodred)Animal Adjective Combinations:Some of these are not at all expressed in English in the same way, nevertheless the visual picture associated with these adjectives make them easy to remember.aalglatt - to be smooth like an eelbrenstark - to be strong like a bearbienenfleissig - to be busy like a beemausarm - to be as poor as a mousehundemà ¼de - to be dog-tiredpudelnass - to be wet like a poodlewieselflink - to be as swift as a weasel

Friday, February 28, 2020

Illiegal Immigration Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

Illiegal Immigration - Research Paper Example A most recent example involves the spirited efforts by a section of pressure groups to prevent a bill meant to give more room to law enforcement agents for searching persons suspected to be illegal immigrants. Discussion The usual trend in the United States has been that competing perspectives and opinions between those expressly opposed to structural safeguards and those who advocate for more determined steps of addressing the matter (Bascio and Patrick 122) determine the subject of illegal immigrants. Estimates from various sources place the number of illegal immigrants in the United States between 10 to 12 million (Kenney and Kwao 50). This numbers has kept fluctuating over the years in response to certain forces that derive from social or economic stimuli. Chain migration is one of the most visible aspects of illegal migrations in the U.S. Chain migration occurs where illegal immigrants attract relatives, friends, or associates from their countries of origin to join them once the y have settled in the states. Efforts to contain illegal immigration have often been caught up in differences conditioned by political competition, private interests, and lobby pressure (Kenney and Kwao 50). ... The healthcare system is one of the institutions that are considered the worst hit by the effects of illegal immigrants. Parties proposing tough approaches on the question of illegal immigrants argue that the groups have imposed significant pressure on the limited healthcare resources. Illegal immigrants are accused of causing significant imbalances between the available healthcare resources and the demand (Ngai 68). As a consequence of this reality, these parties argue that the cost of healthcare has risen due to the gap that is created by the mismatch between supply and demand. It would be important to consider the subject of illegal immigration in light of some of the issues that attend to their impact on the political scale. Hispanic voters are some of the most influential voting blocs in the United States. They comprise some of the significant swing votes in the United States. It is precisely because of this reason that political parties tend to approach the question of illegal immigration with utmost caution. Past trends and analyses have shown a growing preference by immigrant populations to Democrats. Studies have shown that immigrants find the Democrats’ policies more conducive and tolerant to their situations than the Republicans. A survey conducted on the Hispanic voters showed that the Democrats enjoyed nearly two thirds of the Hispanic votes while the Republicans only attracted less than 20 percent of the vote (Ngai 68). These results indicate that the voting process among the groups is highly determined by matters of convenience. The immigrant groups have tended to show a determined support to policies and discourses

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Substantive EU Law-Free Movement of Goods and Parallel Imports Essay

Substantive EU Law-Free Movement of Goods and Parallel Imports - Essay Example As a result, EU states will not impose any trade restriction on member states in relation to imports and exports of goods (Dedman 2010). Even after fifty years, the objectives of EU have not been achieved. The free movement of goods within the EU is still a complicated perspective. There are various hurdles which impede the free movement of goods in the European Union. The main hurdle among them is interpretating general provision of the technical barriers under Article 28 and 29 by the European Court of Justice (the ECJ). Another hurdle is related to the exceptions to the general provisions of Article 28 and 29 that is based on Article 30 and the mandatory requirements of Cassis de Dijon which is arising from the ECJ (Lelieveldt and Princen 2011). Furthermore, parallel import is one of the major phenomena in the international trade because on one hand, it follows market laws strictly and on the other, it is not completely controlled by the law. The dilemma is that producers want to maintain a difference in the prices of goods among different countries, whereas consumers want to pay same price. Here, parallel import can be defined as goods which are produced and sold legally and then exported. There is nothing illegal about the parallel imported goods but as native entrepreneurs sell same goods at higher price, they don’t like this completion. ... free movement of goods, services, capital and people. EU’s internal market is very favorable to increased competition, larger economies of scales and increased specialisation, hence factors of production and goods are freely moved in areas where they are highly valued. Free Movement of Goods One of the major principles of the European Union’s internal market is free movement of goods. This principle deals with removal of national barriers to the free movement of goods within EU. In various fields, such barriers have been removed through harmonisation, like medical devices, vehicles, gas appliances, pharmaceuticals, metrology, chemicals, electrical equipments, construction products, toys, textiles, pressure equipments, footwear, and cosmetics. Excluding special circumstances, harmonisation of legislation and provisions of Articles 28 and 29 of the EC treaty control the member states in relation to imposing intra-community trade barriers. These articles can exercise direc t effect and applied by national courts (Pitiyasak 2010). Mutual recognition principle also leads its way through these provisions. It implies that if the sector is non-harmonised then goods which are legally marketed and accepted in another member state must be accepted by every member state. The application of this principle can only be challenged in some exceptional cases, like environmental issue, health and public safety. In such cases, even the derogatory measures are considered to control the free movement of goods (Andenas and Roth 2002). All measures along with Article 28 and Article 29 are having equivalent effect between the member states in relation to imposing quantitative restrictions on imports, exports and